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The Brandenburg State Stud was established in 1788 by order of Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm II. On 400 hectares of pastures and fields, it contains two historic yards still largely used for their original purposes today, the Hauptgestüt (State Breeding Stud) with the house of the Stud Director and the Landgestüt (State Stallion Depot). The purpose of the studs has always been to improve the horse breeding of farmers.

Carl Heinrich August Graf von Lindenau

Horses for the military were recruited from local farmers and the quality of these horses directly affected the standard of the cavalry. In addition, horses were needed for transport and agriculture. Supporting breeders in the country meant that horses could be bought locally, reducing dependence on imported horses.
The Landgestüt provided state-owned, good quality stallions for the mares of private breeders. The Hauptgestüt contained a herd of elite mares and stallions. Stallions for the Landgestüt were bred and raised in the Hauptgestüt but also bought from private breeders. Through the State Studs, the government was not only able to support horse breeding but also to influence the type of horse in the country.
The initial breeding in Neustadt was based on Arab horses but in the 1830ies these were more and more replaced by Thoroughbreds. Later, Trakehner and Hanoverians influenced the Brandenburg breed. In addition, the State Stud provided stallions of Belgian origin for the farmers’ mares. Today the Brandenburg horse is integrated into the breeding programme of the German Sport Horse.

Until 1945, Neustadt Stud was part of the Prussian State Stud Administration and has always been the smaller sister of the Trakehnen Stud. Neustadt was the leading stud in East German horse breeding and in 1990 was transferred to the re-established State of Brandenburg.
Today, the stud is a state-owned public foundation. While horses will always remain the main focus in Neustadt, the structure of the stud is changing. Besides breeding, research and education, a riding college and tourism have become major parts of the stud’s activities.