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Brandenburg-Prussia and Neustadt

The history of the Brandenburg horses started first in Neustadt (Dosse) with the Duke Friedrich II of Hessen-Homburg.

 

1662 Friedrich II instructed the drainage of the marshland around the town Neustadt which was at the time covered by many arms of the river Dosse and turned it into grazing fields. Soon after he started selling horses very lucratively to the locally residing mounted aristocracy.

In 1694 the ownership of Neustadt and the surrounding country changed hands and the stud was then owned by the electoral prince Friedrich III, and the later King Friedrich I, when it became part of Brandenburg. The stud also changed its status and turned into a court stud. The „king of soldiers“, Friedrich Wilhelm I, however, ran a very tight budget and to him it seemed financially more appropriate to breed mules for the cavalry instead of horses. His son, Friedrich the Great, shared his view.

His successor, Friedrich Wilhelm II, however, loved everything beautiful – including noble horses, which he could not find in Prussia. In 1788 he gave order to Carl-Heinrich of Lindenau to re-organise the Prussian studs and instructed him to build a stud in Neustadt (Dosse).

In actual fact Friedrich Wilhelm II should have had better things to do than founding a new stud, whose success would only become noticeable after a few generations. „For the best of the country“ was a new directive that he upheld. Luckily this was not just meant as a phrase, but as a programme to develop the regional economy. From then on, cavalry horses were to be bred from proprietary breeds. This great example of developing local demand for goods spread quickly further to other sectors.

Neustadts’ horses were initially mainly purchased for agricultural uses. This is how the stud – which was founded in difficult times by this unstable king in the Prignitz - survived the centuries. Whilst many other creations, which were built with a strong hand and a lot of money during that time, got blown away and got absorbed in the Brandenburg sand.